Romans 3:21-26 is the most significant text in the history of Christian theology, for it shaped Augustine, Luther and Calvin, Barth, and nearly every major theologian in history. It is true that today there is a significant questioning going on about what role this text ought to play in our theological schemes, but that questioning only shows the significance of this text. The text is pregnant with every theological baby in Paul’s book. I can’t do anything but offer a few theses about this text:
First, humans — Jews and Gentiles — are sinners because “all have sinned,” and in light of 5:12-21, we can assume that this “sin” is done both in Adam and in actual practice by each person. This is the point of 1:18—3:20 after all. Cracked Eikons need to be made “right” or “justified.” Read More.